New Transparency Index meets investor demand for information into Chinese companies
May 15, 2019
Index a product of a Canadian-Chinese university collaboration
Toronto – China is rich in investment opportunities, but investors commonly struggle to find reliable information to help them choose which companies are the best bets for their money.
A collaboration between the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management and Peking University’s Guanghua School of Management aims to change that. Its ground breaking ranking of the quality of information available for all of China’s publicly-traded companies – more than 3,000 – shines a light on businesses exhibiting high levels of corporate transparency and integrity.
The Information Transparency Index is the main mission of the newly-created Guanghua-Rotman Centre for Information and Capital Market Research. The index, to be updated annually, was developed with the support of Chinese financial magazine and ranking agency, New Fortune, which is publishing a list of the 50 top-ranked companies. This year’s index has been included in a larger white paper examining the current state of information transparency in China’s capital market. The white paper will be presented at the China Capital Market Development Forum & the Inaugural Best Chinese Listed Company Awards Ceremony held at Peking University on May 16.
The index responds to interest inside and outside of China in improving the quality of information available about Chinese companies, says Hai Lu, a professor of accounting at the Rotman School, who initiated the index and who is currently directing the Guanghua-Rotman Centre.
“Everyone I talk to thinks this is a highly-demanded initiative,” says Prof. Lu. “The goal is to try to provide a reliable assessment of information quality of public companies so that we can help domestic and overseas investors understand what is going on in China.”
Prof. Lu also believes that highlighting companies leading the way in transparency will encourage the rest of the market to follow suit. The index shows that transparency goes hand-in-hand with performance. Companies in this year’s top 10 percent are typically large, with high returns on investment and better market performance than less-transparent companies.
Companies were evaluated based on objective measures such as their quality of accounting earnings and any regulatory actions taken against them, as well as on subjective survey information drawn from institutional investors, analysts and corporate board secretaries. SAIC Motor Corporation Limited was the highest ranked company in the index.
Surveys and interviews with executives from the index’s top 10 percent of companies, contained in the accompanying white paper, reveal that companies find themselves under investor pressure to report good performance when share prices fluctuate. Respondents said that China’s relatively low penalties for manipulating financial reports are a key driver of dishonest behaviour. Improving corporate integrity and transparency will therefore require joint action by regulatory authorities, companies and investors, respondents said. They also noted that leadership style and corporate culture are integral to promoting integrity.
The complete index is online here.
Guanghua-Rotman Centre for Information and Capital Market Research is a strategic partnership between the Guanghua School of Management of Peking University and the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management. The Centre aims to deepen the understanding of Chinese capital markets and facilitate comparative research on developed and emerging markets through field studies and new technology.
The Rotman School of Management is part of the University of Toronto, a global centre of research and teaching excellence at the heart of Canada’s commercial capital. Rotman is a catalyst for transformative learning, insights and public engagement, bringing together diverse views and initiatives around a defining purpose: to create value for business and society. For more information, visit www.rotman.utoronto.ca
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